3rd generation photovoltaic panels consist of a variety of thin movie technologies however most of them are still in the research or development stage. A few of them create electrical energy by utilizing natural materials, others utilize inorganic substances (CdTe for example).
Biohybrid Solar Cell
The Biohybrid solar cell is among the types of photovoltaic panels, that is still in the research phase. It has actually been discovered by a specialist group at Vanderbilt University. The concept behind the brand-new technology is to take advantage of the photosystem 1st and hence emulate the natural process of photosynthesis. In case you wish to find out more about how the biohybrid solar cell works in information, find out more about it in the American Journal of Optics and Photonics. It describes more comprehensive how these cells work. Much of the materials being utilized in this cell are similar to the traditional approaches, but only by integrating the several layers of photosystem 1st, the conversion from chemical to electrical energy becomes far more efficient (up to 1000 times more efficient than 1st generation kinds of photovoltaic panels).
Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) Solar Cells
Cadmium telluride is the only thin-film solar panel innovation that has surpassed the cost-efficiency of crystalline silicon photovoltaic panels in a considerable part of the market (multi-kilowatt systems).
The efficiency of solar panels based on cadmium telluride generally runs in the range 9-11%.
First Solar has actually set up over 5 gigawatts (GW) of cadmium telluride thin-film photovoltaic panels worldwide. The very same business holds the world record for CdTe PV module efficiency of 14.4%.
Cadmium Telluride, which makes it possible for the production of photovoltaic cells at relatively low cost and hence a shorter payback time (less than a year). Of all solar power innovations, this is the one requiring the least quantity of water for production. Keeping the brief energy repayment time in mind, CdTe solar cells will keep your carbon footprint as low as possible. The only drawback of using Cadmium Telluride is its quality of being toxic, if consumed or breathed in. In Europe especially, this is one of the best barriers to get rid of, as lots of people are extremely worried about using the technology behind this type of solar panel.
Concentrated PV Cell (CVP and HCVP)
The PV systems that utilize concentrated light are called concentrating photovoltaics (CVP). The CVP collect light from a larger area and focus it to a smaller sized area solar cell.
Focused PV cells create electrical energy just as conventional photovoltaic systems do.
Those multi-junction types of solar panels have a performance rate as much as 41%, which, amongst all photovoltaic systems, is the highest so far.
The name of such CVP cells is related to what makes them so effective, compared to other kinds of photovoltaic panels: curved mirror surface areas, lenses and often even cooling systems are utilized to bundle the sun rays and therefore increase their effectiveness.
By this suggests, CVP cells have become one of the most effective types of photovoltaic panels, with a high performance and performance rate of approximately 41%. What remains is the truth, that such CVP solar panels can only be as efficient if they deal with the sun in an ideal angle. In order to reach such high effectiveness rates, a solar tracker inside the solar panel is responsible for following the sun.