Solar energy in Morocco | DW Documentary (Renewable energy documentary)
Recent heavy rainfall has left this mountain road blocked with rubble. A farmer helps clear the way, though Deidre Bay is anxious to get moving. He’s already meant to be in the nearby village, installing a solar power module.
Instead, he’s. Stuck here it’s, always like this. You never know what might happen. Sometimes there’s no getting through and you have to take donkeys lucky for him. Some are available. The mountain farmers are determined to make sure the engineer reaches their village.
The solar technology he brings with him has the potential to transform their lives for the people living in the high atlas. Mountains Joad is a modern kind of Sun King . After continuing on foot for an hour, the small caravan reaches tetrad, everyone has been expecting them.
, Muraki is still home to remote mountain communities where time seems to have stood still in recent years. The country has made great strides, especially in providing electricity to all its citizens, but it hasn’t reached quite everywhere, yet we just arrived and have a look around.
They’ Ve got nothing here: no electricity, no water, no telephones! We’re, getting straight to work. He and his assistant installed solar panels on the roof of a local home, while the family watches closely from below the system, will cost them around 400 euros.
So it uses a compass to determine the best placement for the solar cell. It should face south. The next step is to wire up the module. It’s, a rudimentary makeshift setup, but it works. Joad connects the module to a battery.
Now it can be charged time for a break and a cup of tea speaking with the locals, so it gets to know a different side of Morocco aside with extreme poverty and meagre prospects, especially for the younger generation up here.
It’s, easy to see why so many have left in search of a better future. Amongst other places in Europe, it’s hard to find work in this region. Sometimes there are jobs. Sometimes there aren’t as soon as I get a chance.
I’m out of here that what garnish we live in dismal conditions. Here we have no roads, no electricity, that’s, why we have to buy candles, but they are expensive too. Hopefully, that’ll change. Now that we have solar energy, the little they do possess are a few corn fields.
Subsistence farming living from hand to mouth their harvest also has to see them through the winter. When they’re stuck indoors for weeks on end, they earn a living from the saffron they grow here. One gram of the precious spice can fetch up to one euro, that’s.
How been Syed’s. Family was able to fund their solar system, which by now is almost ready. After laying a line from the battery to the living room, it’s time to flick the switch it’s an exciting moment for the whole family.
For the first time ever, their modest home has bright artificial light. This is great before I couldn’t see anything at night. Sometimes there’d, be a cockroach in the pot. We’re, so happy you can’t. Imagine how good it makes you feel when these people suddenly have light.
All I can say, is mission accomplished and a fighting machine named Monsieur, Monsieur . The next morning the technicians proceed to the next home, where they’ll, be installing another solar module.
Farmer Larson I eat Bella shows the currency he’ll, be paying in Saffron. Of course, he’s. Grateful to Joe thanks to donations from large companies. Joad is able to install solar panels here at a lower cost than usual.
The installation is relatively straightforward and goes quickly enough. What’s? Tricky is maintaining the system and ensuring a long battery lifespan, but it’s all worth it. For this one moment, astok Larson I eat Bella exclaims, simply unbelievable, but as delighted as the farmer is Howard believes, the Moroccan government should be doing more for its citizens in these remote areas yeah.
But there are no subsidies there’s, actually a 20 % tax on each new panel we buy. I hope the state will lower that tax one day and do more to ensure that poor people can also access this energy access at energy.
Despite the initial difficulties getting there, why would I eat raw Bay’s? Trip to the mountain village was a success. Now it’s time to head home, so he set off on his long descent. Where’s, ezzat awaiting us, there is a solar power facility.
He promises will leave us truly amazed. whereas Ezzat is a major hub in the south of Morocco and just a few hours from the Sahara Desert. The provincial capital is famed for its impressive to react.
Casbah the Citadel enveloped in clay walls was built by the El glaoui clan, who ruled southern Morocco in colonial times, so it’s. Little firm is based in where is theirs. Ats new town area. Here is where he set up his solar business.
Morocco is blessed with 3,000 hours of Sun a year, a natural resource in abundant supply. The 28 year-old technician now has four employees. His sector is booming. That’s. Also, thanks to how heavily the Moroccan state has been investing in renewable energy of late, where’s, Ezzat is now home to one of the world’s largest solar power farms, something showed is proud of, has become something like the world’s, solar energy capital, it’s, an excellent project and, of course it’s, helping make renewables and solar power in particular more popular in Morocco.
The power plant is colossal, even from across the city, you can see the tower at the center of the new facility Arabic for light with very few fuel deposits of its own. Morocco currently imports around 90 % of the energy it needs, so the country is keen on investing in large renewable projects like this one lined in rows across the massive complex are seven and a half thousand mirrors that capture the sun’s rays.
They all redirect the light to the top of the tower which heats up to temperatures over 1,000 degrees Celsius for Silverhawks. Morocco has no fossil fuel resources and our energy consumption is growing.
That’s. Why the government decided that the ideal solution was renewable energy made with Sun, wind and water? Today, the plant director is talking to one of the project’s, major partners, Marcos for Sheena from the German Development Bank kfw.
It’s. The project’s biggest creditor, providing over 800 million euros. Morocco would have struggled to finance the solar farm on its own German money, German technology. This is where the solar power harnessed is used to heat up water with synthetic oil.
The resulting steam is channeled to drive a turbine also from Germany once fully operational. This plant will be able to supply electricity to 2 million people and help arauco share its dependency on imports.
This project is unique in terms of scale. There is no comparable facility, not just in Morocco or in Africa, but in the whole world. It’s, also special because it brings together a range of technologies and because solar thermal technology is indeed sounding in an energy revolution.
A revolution initiated by this man, King Mohammed, the 6th, the royal family’s very own Sun King. In keeping with his wishes, Morocco will soon be harvesting 40 percent of its electricity from solar and wind power, making the country a pioneer in Africa.
The solar farm in where’s ezzat also boasts over half a million parabolic or curved mirrors. The technology is expensive, but Morocco’s. Authorities are convinced the transition will pay off in the long term.
Meanwhile, Joe wood is back on the road in the high atlas mountains. Today he’s, traveling to Ted Mont to service solar modules. There the village is part of the nationwide green mosques program. The idea is to use solar power generators for mosques to generate their own electricity.
Everyone goes to the mosque men, women, children. If you think about how many mosques we have here the ideal place to sensitize the country to everything. Solar energy has to offer . The midday call to prayer a few years ago.
The villagers rallied to build this new place of worship. A green mosque, 16 solar panels adorned the rooftop they’ve, been running without any hitches, as road can confirm to the village leader upon inspection with that, the mosque needn’t rely on the regular power grid for its energy to further Spread the idea the green mosques program also includes special ecological training for the Imams.
The project is completely changed. Life in the village women can study in the evening and pray during Ramadan. We’re all involved and that’s. Why? We’re, so proud of this project being energy self-sufficient, the mosque has become a gathering place for other activities as well.
Here villagers can meet for a cup of tea or attend special courses. These women are learning to read and write for the first time in their lives. The residents of tad Mundt built their mosque as environmentally friendly as possible.
Energy-Saving insulation and LED lights included. Kichaka zoo is one of the women attending the literacy classes. She shows us the conditions she lives in the poverty and squalor here stand in stark contrast to the green mosques.
Modernity. There is electricity available in segments, but it’s. Expensive Katra has a pay-as-you-go car to turn on the meter whenever she really needs power, the one light she has she installed above her cow and calf, that’s, all of her worldly possessions at least I can use the card to switch on the Fridge now and then or watch TV, but the most important thing is that I can see my animals that’ll, be hey Maddy, since, for all of you it, the plan is to green up hundreds of mosques all around the country and boost environmental Awareness at the very place villagers gather the German Development Organisation.
Gi Zed is also on the ground. Here they’ve, been providing support and training to the villagers, especially with constructing the mosque. The GI said expects the program will also create new jobs. It’s all about combining local manpower and resources, money from Morocco and planning and training from our side.
That’s. Our part for this green mosque. Here we trained 30 people. We’ve, already completed a hundred projects like this one, and we have another thousand planned mosques and solar power so far, a winning combination and a ray of hope for Morocco’s, remote rural regions, abdi schemata Hebe and His brother abdel aziz also have high hopes for a solar project in their area.
They’ Ll show us that later now, they’re on their way to their current distinctly hazardous workplace. The minds of me dealt in the 1930s. The French built this complex to house workers, the lead mine, was shut in the 1970s.
All that’s left is a ghost town. Now, unlike many others in the area, the brothers explore the abandoned tunnels in search of lead and minerals. They know that accidents are common in these tunnels, some fatal occasion baby.
What choice do we have? If we’d, had a choice? I would have gone to school and studied so we did the same thing. Our parents do and started working underground. It’s, a tough job, clawing the metal out of the rock and tight spaces, surrounded by toxic dust.
If they’re lucky, they’ll, find some be right or vinay. Tonight, the middle region is known for its valuable minerals. The brothers live in me, Bladon, a rundown mining settlement. The only prospects awaiting those who grow up here involve the back-breaking work in the mines it’s.
This widespread poverty in rural areas. That’s, driven many young people to the cities. Thirty-Year-Old up a mutt made it as far as Europe, where he tried to sell minerals in France and Germany and failed.
Now there’s fresh hope. Plans are underway for a huge solar farm in the middle tree, j’en, and it’s set to bring new jobs with it. I sent off my application as soon as I heard about it, just like everyone else.
Of course, I’d love to earn money there so far they’ve only been putting us off from one year to the next. Abdul samad shows us the place that’s, given local people the chance to dream. This is where the new solar power plant is being built.
It’s, designed to be even bigger than the one in. Where is that Jacob had a dream ecosystem rocket? Some me a job at a company like that would be great with a regular salary to get that he would help us so much.
We could set up a small family business and I could finally support my sister and my brother, so they could go to college. Then I said, yellow now and hurry up, but he’s. Still skeptical, you’d, need the right connections to get hired.
He says many people in the region believe they’ve got a shot at landing a job here. The construction phase alone will require several thousand jobs. Applications are piling up in the provincial governors office, Morocco’s.
Energy transition is ambitious. A total of five large-scale solar farms, like the one in Modell’ S are to be built in just a few years. That kind of undertaking only works when one person makes the decisions in Morocco, its King, Mohammed, the six just outside the building site up dish, a mutt meets with nomads who have settled here.
Well, they have heard of the solar farm. They’ve, yet to receive any official notification they still don’t know if or when they might have to pack up and leave. Many questions remain unanswered. It would be pretty bad if they built this huge plant without compensating the people who live here.
They’d, at least have to offer us enough money to rebuild our homes elsewhere, and so, while some look forward to the project with great expectations, others can only worry for their future. The two brothers hope they’ll, find work at the solar farm, but for the time being they must continue searching for minerals in the old mines.
It’s, the only source of income they have right now, so would I eat or obey encounters Morocco’s, rural poverty, all the time when is out installing solar modules? His last stop takes him to the desert of the Tartar province.
Further south sudden torrential downpours have flooded the local roads to outsiders. The provincial capital looks like a frontier town surrounded by mountains and desert. Howard is here to host a seminar on solar power.
He’s, come on behalf of the GI, z, German development organization. He wants to convince local farmers of the benefits the new technology brings. After all, Morocco is rich in one resource, which is also cheap to harvest the Sun.
Knowing that King Mohammed backs the technology can be a vital argument here, most farmers still work with butane gas. Some of them do realize they need to switch to solar energy, but they’re discouraged by the high installation costs.
What I believe will be able to win them over the party reform as usual to back up his arguments. He conducts a practical presentation outside and shows the farmers just how easy it is to operate a solar-powered water pump.
Many here have come from far away. They seem impressed one of those systems. We still use a gas powered motor, it’s expensive and often doesn’t work. I’ve. Seen a lot of things today that were new to me.
I’d. Love to be able to buy one of those pumps, they cost a lot of money. Tommy, you can shop for stuffed animal Saviour, after the seminar jihad hits the road. Again. He’s visiting one of the farmers in the palm gardens of Tata.
All of Mohammed boomerangs riches lie in his vast plantation of date-palms. The trees are relatively easy to maintain, but are absolutely dependent on two things: heat and plenty of water, and that’s.
Where it comes in workers must climb up the trees to pick the fruit. They can grow up to 30 metres high. Each palm can yield up to 100 kilos per harvest, but that means keeping the palm supplied with enough water, which is why boomerang is interested in job’s work.
Until now, we’ve, been using diesel or gas motors to pump the water that’s been pretty expensive, but if we get a solar powered water pot, the long-term financial gains for us would be much higher. The farmer has a reservoir on the edge of the Oasis.
Thanks to the recent rainfall it’s all filled up Applause . This is where Joad will be showcasing his pomp. It takes no time at all to set up the full solar modules together. They’ll, generate about one kilowatt of power enough to pump groundwater to the surface from a depth of 20 meters, but the farmer is hesitant about the price.
This large, solar powered pump would cost him around 3000 euros. Finally, everything is hooked up time to see what it & #. 39 s got, the pump is working smoothly and the water is gushing out. The farmer decides it’s, a worthwhile investment.
Once again, the engineer highlights the advantages of this technology. Energy consumption is enormous in the farming sector, solar energy can reduce costs considerably in the long term, and personally I always enjoy seeing how happy it makes people the Sun in the skies above a previously untapped resource that is making Morocco’S remarkable energy revolution possible from the high atlas mountains to the oasis of the desert: .